was a British colony until 6th March 1957 when it got
independence. In 1471, the Portuguese were the first Europeans
to sail to the coast of Ghana. They found large deposits
of gold so they named the country Gold Coast. The
people they met were very friendly so they began trade
with them. They also built forts along the coast. These
forts were later used to hold slaves waiting for shipment
to North America. It was a source of trade for the European
countries who fought among themselves for control of the
rich land. The British gained the upper hand and took
control of the Gold Coast.
the partition of Africa by the Europeans, the area of
present day Ghana came under British colonial rule. The
Ashantis fought the British for a very long time to drive
them from their land. Through the struggles of some politicians,
the Gold Coast gained independence in 1957 and it was
renamed GHANA after the ancient Ghana Empire. The
name GHANA was adopted to usher in a new independent
state. It was named after the ancient Ghana Empire which
was rich in Gold and Warriors.
a look at some the leaders who fought for independence.They
were known as the Big Six.
included Dr. Kwame Nkrumah (who later became The President
of Ghana), Obetsebi Lamptey, Ako Adjei, Akuffo Addo, Paa
Willie, J.B Danquah. (Can you identify them? Take a try
or ask an older Ghanaian)
picture was taken on Independence Day 6th March 1957
at the old Polo Grounds in Accra. On this day Nkrumah
declare "... our independence is meaningless, unless it
is linked with the total liberation Africa".
left to right:Mr. A.E. Inkumsah, Minister of Housing 2.
Mr. Kojo Botsio, Minister of Trade and Labour 3. Mr. Kwame
Nkrumah, the Prime Minister 4. Mr. K.A. Gbedemah, Minister
of Finance 5. Mr. A Casely-Hayford, Minister of Communications
Standing left to right: 1. Mr. A.E.A. Ofori Atta, Minister
of Local Government 2. Mr. N.A. Welbeck, Minister of Works
3. Mr. B. Yeboa-Afari, Minister of Agriculture 4. Mr.
J.H. Alhassani, Minister of Health 5. Mr. J.B. Erzuah,
Minister of Education 6. Mr. L.R. Abavana, Minister without
Portfolio 7. Mr. Ako Adjei, Minister of the Interior 8.
Mr. Krobo Edusei, Minister without Portfolio